By combining artistic skills with talents in many areas, such as comedy, drama, advertising and computer modeling. Professional cartoon animators usually work in teams where they participate in the storyboard, typesetting and editing process of animation.Education Requirements
To develop skills and a high level of technical know-how, most cartoon animators have a bachelor's degree or other postsecondary training in animation or new media production. A number of universities, colleges and art schools offer certificate and degree programs that combine art with a concentration in new media.
Must be able to collaborate with a team of professionals on storyboards, story development, directing, cinematography and editing. In contrast, they must also be able to work alone for long hours at a time using computer animation or modeling programs to simulate lifelike characters and images. High attention to detail and an in-depth knowledge of computer programs such as computer-aided design software (CAD), Final Cut Studio and Adobe Shockwave Player are essential for any cartoon animator.
The art director will work with the production designer and will be responsible for the design and construction of sets. Will assist the production designer.
Prop makers and sculptors will construct unique and specialized set props. This person must be able build these needed props from scratch using various materials that may include styrofoam, plastics, electronics, metals, woods or glass types of materials. This person should be skilled in a wide variety of machining, construction and sculpting techniques.
The prop master will acquire, organize, maintain and account for all the various props needed for the production. This includes many items like guns, knives, books, phones, dish-ware, food, musical instruments, pets or any other item that will need to be present to fulfill the story line.
Scenic Artist / Painter
The scenic artist shall be in charge of designing and treating all set surfaces. This may include painting, plastering, coloring, texturing or applying any other sort of treatment to the set surfaces to create a look. Often times scenic artist will simulate stone, wood, lettering, metallic or brick on the various sets and scenery.
Set Construction Coordinator / Builder
The construction coordinator will supervise the fabrication and physical integrity of the various sets needed as directed by the production designer and art director. This person is also in charge of budgeting and ordering the needed materials for the set designs. The construction coordinator may also be responsible for hiring the carpenters.
Set Decorator / Dresser
The set decorator must be able to make decisions on what furnishings and other decorations are going to be used on set. This person will work closely with the art director and production designer to create the optimal visual environment for filming. This includes various items such as paintings, fabrics, and other non movable decorative set pieces.
The storyboard artist will create a series of illustrations and sketches based on the director’s vision during pre-production. Each sketch represents a different camera set-up. These drawings will include camera angles, characters and set design. The illustrations will then be used to assist the other head departments in understanding their tasks.
Camera Assistant (1st AC )
The 1st assistant camera person will be in charge of measuring and pulling focus during filming. This person shall load, setup and build the camera, as well as maintain and clean the camera and lenses.
Camera Assistant (2nd AC)
Known as the loader. The 2nd assistant camera person will primarily be responsible for maintaining and filling out all the camera reports for the editing department. This person will run the slate or clapper to maintain sync and the correct labeling for each and every shot.
Under the direction of the D.P. (Director of Photography). The camera operator must work closely with both A.C.’s as well. The camera operator will control the shot’s framing, and the camera movements as instructed by the director of photography.
Camera Op (Aerial)
Must operate and be qualified to handle small airplanes and helicopter filming, as well as the use of drone cameras. You must pass our safety testing as well as understand all FAA rules and regulations.
Camera Op (Jib Arm / Crane)
This person is responsible for setting up and operating the mechanical camera crane also known as the “jib arm”. Must be able to operate in establishing large shots that require substantial elevation and smooth motion.
Digital Imaging Technician
This is another new job position that was created in response to the popular use of high-end digital video formats. The digital imaging technician uses various image manipulation methods to achieve the highest possible image quality during the production. This person usually manages the transferring and storage of the image data as well.
Director of Photography
The director of photography (D.P.) is in charge of the overall visual look of the film, as seen through the camera. They recommend which cameras and lenses to use for the production. They design the shot’s framing, and the camera movements in conjunction with the director. They are also in charge of the camera crew, lighting design and collaborating with the gaffer.
Photographer / Production Stills
This person takes still photographs and essentially documents the behind-the-scenes making of the production. Often, this person photographs images used for marketing purposes such as movie posters and DVD box art.
Steadicam Owner / Operator
The Steadicam is a camera mounting device that utilizes a mechanical arm attached to a body harness to provide extremely smooth hand-held shots. The Steadicam operator is responsible for setting up and operating the Steadicam during production. Most Steadicam operators are very physically fit due to the amount of strength and endurance needed to operate the Steadicam.
This person creates the video that essentially documents the behind-the-scenes making of the movie. This video isn’t normally used in the final version of the film. It’s only used for the purposes of documentation.
Assistant Food Stylist
The assistant food stylist assists the lead food stylist in the preparations and arrangements of the food. This person usually has an extensive background in cooking, recipe development, and the ability to assist in achieving creative solutions for making the food look the most attractive.
Craft Services are the various snacks and beverages that are provided to the film crew throughout the day. This is separate from catering. The person in charge of craft service sets up and maintains a station near production that provides these snacks and beverages. The craft service person is given a budget prior to attaining all the refreshments.
The food stylist will prepare and arrange food in an appealing way to be used in photographs, commercials or movies. This person usually has an extensive background in cooking, recipe development, and the ability to achieve creative solutions for making the food look its most attractive.
Lighting & Grip Department
The best boy is the lead electrician on set and is in charge of all the other electricians, similar to how the key grip is in charge of all the grips. The best boy usually operates, adjusts and balances the electrical load on the generator where required. This person is also responsible for distributing the electrical cabling properly providing the required power to each of the lights.
The electricians (or juicers) essentially set up and operate all the lighting instruments and cabling as instructed by the best boy or gaffer. This is a physically demanding job due to the large number of heavy lights and cabling often required. Electricians must be knowledgeable of tungsten and HMI lighting as well as changing and installing bulbs properly.
The gaffer is also known as the chief lighting technician. This person is primarily responsible for developing a lighting plan according to the desires of the Director of Photography. The gaffer informs the best boy and key grip on where and which lights are to be placed. The gaffer is in charge of creating the best possible lighting scenario according to the camera framing.
Grips essentially “shape the light” that is provided by the electricians. This includes creating pattern and shadow effects, coloring light, diffusing light or blocking light. While electricians set up the lights and cabling, grips provide everything else that is built around the lights to create the quality of light that the gaffer desires. They also provide a variety of special rigging, securing and safety measures on set.
The key grip and best boy will collaborate with the gaffer and D.P. to formulate the best tactic for accomplishing a given shot. The key grip will oversee the proper camera rigging mechanisms as well as manage the light blocking and diffusing techniques.
Will be in charge of attaining all the legal permits and other clearances needed to gain proper permission for filming in a particular location. Will also take care of attaining and processing any other location permit fees as well. On some smaller shoots, the location manager may assist in coordinating the parking of vehicles.
Scout will assist in finding the various filming locations according to the producer and director’s desires.
Makeup & Wardrobe Department
The costume designer shall make decisions on which wardrobes and costumes actors will wear based on the script requirements and character portrayals. Will also create or choose various clothing patterns, designs, colors, sizes and accessories for each wardrobe used during production.
Is responsible for styling and maintaining the talent’s hair throughout filming. The hair stylist should be equipped with all of the appropriate supplies needed for the hair styling process. Hair dresser will work in conjunction with the make-up artist to attain the best possible look for the actors and actresses.
The makeup artist’s will apply and create a variety of looks on the actors and actresses skin surfaces with makeup, from current trends to classic or period pieces. The makeup artist creates a look according to the director’s desires.
Special FX Makeup
The prosthetic s or special effects makeup person uses a variety of techniques for applying and gluing different materials such as latex, gelatin and other coloration's which are used on the face or skin of an actor. Gore and blood, burns, creatures and aging special effects are the more commonly used prosthetic makeup techniques.
The wardrobe stylist works closely with the costume designer, and assists with preparing everything related to the actors clothing, costumes and wardrobe. Common tasks of the wardrobe assistant are maintaining and styling for all the wardrobes worn by the various actors. They also assist in helping to organize, disperse and account for all the costumes used on set.
Script & VTR Department
Script Supervisor / Continuity
The script supervisor works closely with the director by taking detailed notes concerning what has been shot, needs to be shot, and also notes any deviations from take to take. He/she also makes sure that the dialogue corresponds with the script. The script supervisor also takes logging notes that are essential in the post production editing process, such as locating shots.
The teleprompter is a device that mounts to the front of the camera and contains a scrolling text for the actor to read while looking into the lens. This technique is also used by newscasters. The teleprompter operator helps set up the teleprompter on the camera as well as the computer that provides the scrolling text program. This person is usually given the script ahead of time so that they can enter it into their computer before arriving on set.
Boom Operators / Utility
This person is responsible for properly positioning the microphone boom pole during the actual filming. The boom operator is the assistant to the sound mixer. Many times the boom operator is required to hold the boom pole for several minutes at a time, which can be physically demanding. The boom operator must also be able to follow the actors movements while staying clear of the camera and lights. This makes it a challenging job for achieving the best possible audio.
The sound mixer for film is head of the sound department and is responsible for leveling, monitoring and recording of audio during production. The sound mixer decides which microphones to use as well as placements of the microphones. This person can also mix the various sound tracks and audio signals in real time. A film sound mixer supervises the boom operator and/or sound utility person.
Stunts & FX Department
Pyro Technician / Explosives
Sometimes also known as the armorer, this person is primarily responsible for the handling, maintenance and care of all firearms, weapons and pyrotechnics that are used during filming. This includes all live-action explosives and and battle scene pyro effects. Pyro technicians must be trained, certified and licensed to handle these dangerous props and explosives.
Special Effects Coordinator
Must design and supervise the various effects needed for filming through the use of mechanical and/or optical illusion techniques. Will provide the visual elements needed such as recreating weather elements or assisting with props that break, shatter, collapse, burn, smoke or explode. Will also provide the special mechanical rigging that allows you to fly an actor.
Special Effects Technician
Will assists in physically creating the visual elements needed like weather elements, or assisting with props that break, shatter, collapse, burn, smoke or explode. Shall also assist in building special mechanical rigging that allows us to fly an actor when needed.
Stunt coordinator will manage and coordinate all the dangerous action sequences in a movie that require a stuntman or stunt performer. The stunt coordinator always follows the appropriate safety regulations during filming to ensure the safety of every stunt performer. Types of stunts may include jumping, flipping, diving, free-falling, crashing cars, catching fire, underwater stunts and other dangerous action sequences where stunt doubles are needed.
Captains / Gang Boss
Coordinator, or gang boss, shall organize and provide a variety of vehicles and transportation for all crew, equipment and actors to and from the filming locations. The transportation coordinator/captain deploys the appropriate vehicles and drivers at the proper times to keep the production on schedule and on budget. They also work closely with the locations manager in attaining the proper parking permits and parking locations for all vehicles. Must have a valid Nevada drivers License/or proper classed license from other state.
Transportation drivers physically drive and operate all provided production vehicles to and from the filming locations. This includes the transport of all crew, equipment and actors safely to and from the film set while staying on schedule. Types of production vehicles may include cube trucks, passenger vans, stake beds, flatbeds, limos, cars or any other needed production vehicle. Must have a valid Nevada drivers License/or proper classed license from other state.